Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States [Audiobook] download free by Albert O. Hirschman

Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States Audiobook download free by Albert O. Hirschman
  • Listen audiobook: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty: Responses to Decline in Firms, Organizations, and States
  • Author: Albert O. Hirschman
  • Release date: 1990/5/3
  • Language: English
  • Genre or Collection: Society and Social Sciences
  • ISBN: 9780674276604
  • Rating: 7.89 of 10
  • Votes: 311
  • Review by: Houston Askew
  • Review rating: 7.82 of 10
  • Review Date: 2018/9/12
  • Duration: 2H7M41S in 256 kbps (35.2 MB)
  • Date of creation of the audiobook: 2018-07-26
  • You can listen to this audiobook in formats: WMA, MPEG4, MP3, AIFF, WAV, FLAC (compression DEB, 7Z, RAR, ZIP, AZW4)
  • Total pages original book: 176
  • Includes a PDF summary of 20 pages
  • Duration of the summary (audio): 14M9S (4 MB)
  • Description or summary of the audiobook: An innovator in contemporary thought on economic and political development looks here at decline rather than growth. Albert O. Hirschman makes a basic distinction between alternative ways of reacting to deterioration in business firms and, in general, to dissatisfaction with organizations: one, 'exit,' is for the member to quit the organization or for the customer to switch to the competing product, and the other, 'voice,' is for members or customers to agitate and exert influence for change 'from within.' The efficiency of the competitive mechanism, with its total reliance on exit, is questioned for certain important situations. As exit often undercuts voice while being unable to counteract decline, loyalty is seen in the function of retarding exit and of permitting voice to play its proper role.The interplay of the three concepts turns out to illuminate a wide range of economic, social, and political phenomena. As the author states in the preface, 'having found my own unifying way of looking at issues as diverse as competition and the two-party system, divorce and the American character, black power and the failure of `unhappy' top officials to resign over Vietnam, I decided to let myself go a little.'
  • Other categories, genre or collection: Business & Management, Economics, Organizational Theory & Behaviour
  • Download servers: BitShare, FileServe, Uploaded, Mediafire, FlowCloud, Google Drive, iDope. Compressed in DEB, 7Z, RAR, ZIP, AZW4
  • Format: Paperback
  • Approximate value: 23.60 USD
  • Dimensions: 140x210x12.45mm
  • Weight: 200g
  • Printed by: Not Available
  • Published in: Cambridge, Mass, United States

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